How it rains diamonds in Saturn and Jupiter

First, let us know how diamonds are formed.
Generally, diamonds are made from highly compressed and heated carbon. Theoretically, if you took a
charcoal bricket out of your grill and heated it and pressed it hard enough for long enough, you could
make a diamond.
On Earth, diamonds form about 100 miles underground. Volcanic magma highways then bring them
closer to the surface, providing us with shiny gemstones that we stick in rings and ear studs.

Now let us know, how we assume that diamonds are formed in Saturn.
In the dense atmospheres of planets like Jupiter and Saturn, whose massive size generates enormous
amounts of gravity, crazy amounts of pressure and heat can squeeze carbon in mid-air and make it rain
diamonds.

Scientists have speculated for years that diamonds are abundant in the cores of the smaller, cooler gas
giants, Neptune and Uranus. They believed that the larger gaseous planets, Jupiter and Saturn, didn’t
have suitable atmospheres to forge diamonds.
But when researchers recently analyzed the pressures and temperatures for Jupiter’s and Saturn’s
atmospheres, then modeled how carbon would behave, they determined that diamond rain is very
likely.
Diamonds seem especially likely to form in huge, storm-ravaged regions of Saturn, and in enormous
quantities. Researchers assume that it may rain as much as 2.2 million pounds of diamonds there every
year.

The diamonds start out as methane gas. Powerful lightning storms on the two huge gas giants then zap
it into carbon soot. As the soot falls, the pressure on it increases, And after about 1,000 miles it turns to
graphite – the sheet-like form of carbon you find in pencils.
And the graphite keeps falling. When it reaches the deep atmosphere of Saturn, for example around
3,700 miles down the immense pressure squeezes the carbon into diamonds, which float in seas of
liquid methane and hydrogen.

Eventually, the gems sink toward the interior of the planet (a depth of 18,600 miles), where nightmarish
pressure and heat melt the diamonds into molten carbon.
Once you get down to those extreme depths, the pressure and temperature is so hellish, there’s no way
the diamonds could remain solid.

Now, what if you wanted to bring these precious gems to earth?
keep in mind: All that crushing pressure and searing heat would destroy any Earthly vehicle long before
it got close to those clouds full of sparkling riches.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *